Wednesday, December 11, 2013

The Smugglers

Polly (Anneke Wills) and the Doctor
(William Hartnell) try not to notice
Ben (Michael Craze) showing off his pecs
Four episodes (Episode 1, Episode 2, Episode 3, Episode 4)
First broadcast Sep 10 to Oct 1 1966
Average audience for serial: 4.48m
  • A guide to the guest cast is at the bottom of this entry.

William Hartnell (The Doctor) Jan 8 1908 to Apr 23 1975 (heart failure after a series of strokes) For a full career biography for William Hartnell, click here.

Anneke Wills (Polly) Born Oct 20 1941 For a full career biography for Anneke Wills, click here.

Michael Craze (Ben Jackson) Nov 29 1942 to Dec 7 1998 (heart attack) For a full career biography for Michael Craze, click here.

Terence de Marney (Churchwarden Joseph Longfoot) Mar 1 1908 to May 25 1971 (fall in front of train)
Career highlights
Terence's career began in 1931's The Eternal Feminine, after which he had roles in Eyes of Fate (1933), The Mystery of the Marie Celeste (1935), They Met in the Dark (1943), 23 Paces to Baker Street (1956), Pharaoh's Curse (1957), Bonanza (1959), Tightrope (1960), Whispering Smith (1961), Twilight Zone (1962), Lorna Doone (1963), The Spies (1966), Sexton Blake (1967), The Ugliest Girl in Town (1968), All Neat in Black Stockings (1969) and Follyfoot (1971). He also had a long-running role as Case Thomas in Johnny Ringo (1959-60). He also co-wrote the stage play Wanted for Murder, which was adapted into the film A Voice in the Night in 1946, starring Eric Portman.
In 1932 Terence co-founded the Independent Theatre Club (formerly the Kingsway Theatre) with his actor brother Derrick de Marney as an outlet for works banned for various reasons by the Lord Chamberlain. As well as the play Wanted for Murder (see above), Terence also co-wrote the thrillers Whispering Gallery and The Crime of Margaret Foley. Terence -whose grandfather Alfred Concanen was a noted Victorian lithographer - was also the first actor to portray Simon "The Saint" Templar, on Radio Athlone in 1940. He died after accidentally falling onto the tracks of the westbound District line at Kensington High Street tube station, London, on his way to perform in a play. In the 1997 book Television Western Players of the Fifties 1949-1959, author Everett Aaker claims Terence had been plagued by ill-health for years, and actually jumped in front of the train, although there is no source for this assertion (contemporary newspaper reports refer to it as an accident).

George A Cooper (Cherub) Born Mar 7 1925
Career highlights
George will be best remembered by a certain generation for playing school caretaker Mr Griffiths in more than 100 episodes of Grange Hill between 1985-92. His CV begins with 1946's Men of Two Worlds, followed by Othello (1955), Sword of Freedom (1957), The Adventures of Robin Hood (1958), Hell is a City (1960), An Age of Kings (1960), Tom Jones (1963), Ferry Cross the Mersey (1965), King of the River (1966), Man in a Suitcase (1967), The Morecambe and Wise Show (1970), Steptoe and Son (1965/72), Budgie (1972), Son of the Bride (1973), Rising Damp (1975), The New Avengers (1976), Wonder Woman (1977), The Light Princess (1978), Metal Mickey (1982), Alleyn Mysteries (1993) and Casualty (1995). George also had a regular role as Geoffrey Fisher in Billy Liar (1973-74), a role he originated on stage in 1960.
In 1957, George and his wife Anne's son Adam was brain damaged at birth (Anne, a former stage costume designer, sadly died in 2000). The A in George's name stands for Alphonsus!

David Blake Kelly (Jacob Kewper) Feb 17 1916 to Jan 21 1993
Doctor Who credits
Captain Benjamin Briggs in The Chase (1965)
Played: Jacob Kewper in The Smugglers (1966)
Career highlights
He started his acting career as Diarmuid Kelly, debuting in I Killed the Count (1948), followed by Someone at the Door (1949), Treasure Island (1950), The Anatomist (1956) and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1957), after which he anglicised his name and appeared in William Tell (1959), Sergeant Cork (1964), Adam Adamant Lives! (1967), Spy Trap (1975), The Cherry Orchard (1981), Miss Marple: Nemesis (1987), Jeeves and Wooster (1990) and House of Cards (1990).
Often mistaken for another actor called David Kelly, who often played stereotypical Irish characters (such as in Fawlty Towers and Robin's Nest), but they are different actors.

Mike Lucas (Tom) Born May 29 1941
Career highlights
Mike's other credits include Crossroads (1964), Frankie Howerd (1966), You Can't Win (1966), The Expert (1968), Thicker Than Water (1969), The Liver Birds (1971, as Gerry) and Funny Ha-Ha (1974).
Mike was a founding member of the Mikron Theatre Company in 1963, which still tours theatre aboard a canal boat (Turlough actor Mark Strickson was a member of the company for a time). Mike ran the company until 2005.

Paul Whitsun-Jones (Squire) Apr 25 1923 to Jan 14 1974 (appendicitis)
Doctor Who credits
Played: Squire in The Smugglers (1966)
Played: Marshal in The Mutants (1972)
Career highlights
Paul's familiar face (and figure!) first graced our screens when he played James Fullalove in The Quatermass Experiment (1953), but viewers might also recognise him from Huntingtower (1957), The Moonraker (1958), Bonehead (1957-62, as the Boss), Better Late! (1958), Tunes of Glory (1960), Doctor in Distress (1963), The Masque of the Red Death (1964), United! (1965), Mr Rose (1967), Wild, Wild Women (1969), Up Pompeii (1970), Elephant's Eggs in a Rhubarb Tree (1971), Dr Jekyll and Sister Hyde (1971), Jason King (1972), Follyfoot (1973) and Keep It Up, Jack (1975). Paul played Porthos in The Three Musketeers (1954), and was the original Mr Bumble in the stage musical Oliver! in 1960.

Derek Ware (Spaniard) Feb 27 1938 to Sep 22 2015 (cancer)
Doctor Who credits
Fight arranger: An Unearthly Child (1963, uncredited), The Crusade (1965), The Myth Makers (1965), The Daleks' Master Plan (1965-66), The Smugglers (1966), The Underwater Menace (1967), The Web of Fear (1968)
Stunts: The Aztecs (1964, uncredited), Terror of the Autons (1971, uncredited)
Played: Saracen warrior in The Crusade (1965)
Played: Bus conductor in The Chase (1965, uncredited)
Played: Trojan soldier in The Myth Makers (1965, uncredited)
Played: Tuthmos in The Daleks' Master Plan (1965-66)
Played: Spaniard in The Smugglers (1966)
Played: Soldier in The Web of Fear (1968, uncredited)
Played: UNIT sergeant in The Ambassadors of Death (1970)
Played: Private Wyatt in Inferno (1970)
Played: Pigbin Josh in The Claws of Axos (1971)
Career highlights
Derek was a successful stuntman who worked in this capacity on The Spread of the Eagle (1963), The Changes (1975), Krull (1983), Hannay (1988), Willow (1988) and Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves (1991), as well as acting in small roles in An Age of Kings (1960), The Avengers (1965), Up the Junction (1968), Witchfinder General (1968), The Italian Job (1969), The Lotus Eaters (1972), The Legend of Robin Hood (1975), Mind Your Language (1979), London's Burning (1988), Haggard (1990) and Revenge of Billy the Kid (1992).
Derek sustained an injury in 1990 which brought an end to his stunting career, but he became a fencing tutor soon after. In 1965, Derek formed the stunt team HAVOC to work in TV (namely Doctor Who (1970-72), Adam Adamant Lives! (1966-67) and Dick Barton: Special Agent (1979)); the name hails from William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: "And Caesar's spirit, ranging for revenge, With Ate by his side come hot from hell, Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice Cry Havoc, and let slip the dogs of war".

Michael Godfrey (Captain Pike) Aug 20 1918 to Sep 19 1977
Career highlights
Debuted uncredited in The Third Man (1949), then took roles in The March of the Peasants (1952), Colonel March of Scotland Yard (1956), Sykes and a... (1964), Emergency Ward 10 (1963-64), Witch Wood (1964), The Baron (1966), Department S (1970), The Persuaders! (1971), Henry VIII and His Six Wives (1972), Yellow Dog (1976) and Devenish (1977).
Michael's real name was Michael Godfrey Collins. Michael was understudy to Orson Welles in a production of Othello in London in 1951; co-star Maxine Audley said Welles bullied Michael remorselessly.

Elroy Josephs (Jamaica) Feb 23 1939 to Feb 8 1997
Career highlights
Elroy debuted in Ebb Tide (1959) followed by Dixon of Dock Green (1966), House of Character (1968), The Alf Garnett Saga (1972), Love Thy Neighbour (1972) and Brideshead Revisited (1981).
Actor and dancer Elroy moved from Jamaica to the UK in 1956 and as the first black dance teacher in a British university, developed an innovative fusion of Afro-Caribbean and European jazz dance styles that was highly influential on future choreographers. In October 2012, as part of Black History Month, the International Slavery Museum in Liverpool and Enterprise South Liverpool Academy staged a tribute show to Elroy to spotlight his often overlooked influence on black dance culture.

John Ringham (Josiah Blake) Feb 10 1928 to Oct 20 2008
Doctor Who credits
Played: Tlotoxl in The Aztecs (1964)
Played: Josiah Blake in The Smugglers (1966)
Played: Ashe in Colony in Space (1971)
Career highlights
John's acting career stretches as far back as Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans in 1957, and took in Very Important Person (1961), The Plane Makers (1963), The Forsyte Saga (1967), The Railway Children (1968), Up Pompeii (1970), The Pallisers (1974), Poldark (1975-76), Pennies from Heaven (1978), Maybury (1981) The Tripods (1985), Terry and June (1987), And There's More (1988), The Darling Buds of May (1991), The Governor (1995), Out of Sight (1997), The Secret of Eel Island (2005-07), V for Vendetta (2005) and Wallander (2008). He also played Captain Bailey in Dad's Army (1969-70), Superintendent Lake in Juliet Bravo (1980), Norman Warrender in Just Good Friends (1983-86) and Mr Blocker in Woof! (1989-93).
John was a member of the ensemble cast in the pilot episode of sitcom Dad's Army, but his character was dropped for the series as he was considered too similar to the bumbling Private Godfrey. He starred in TV adverts for Terry's Chocolate Orange spoofing the Indiana Jones films. He also wrote a couple of stage plays which were both premiered at the Edinburgh Festival, in 1991 and 1999. John's first wife was actress Elizabeth Shepherd (1959-62).

Jack Bligh (Gaptooth) Dec 31 1889 to Sep 25 1967
Career highlights
Jack's earliest known credit is Brothers in Law (1962), then The Victorians (1963), First Night (1963), Taxi! (1964), The Horror of It All (1964), Danger Man (1965), Blackmail (1966), Man in a Suitcase (1967) and Death of a Private (1967).
Jack is believed to be the earliest born actor to appear in Doctor Who. Sadly, he died within a year of his appearance in The Smugglers. After turning down an offer to play soccer for Arsenal, Somerset-born Jack became a member of the stock company at the British and Colonial Kinematograph Company. At one stage he was a stuntman in the US. It is believed Jack's earliest television appearance was in 1929. In the 1930s he and his wife settled in South Africa and established a theatre company in Johannesburg, also working in TV and radio in South Africa and Australasia in the 1930s and 40s.


Brian Hayles (writer) Mar 7 1931 to Oct 30 1978
Doctor Who credits
Wrote: The Celestial Toymaker (1966), The Smugglers (1966), The Ice Warriors (1967), The Seeds of Death (1969), The Curse of Peladon (1972), The Monster of Peladon (1974)
Career highlights
Brian had previously written for Suspense (1963), Public Eye (1965) and United! (1965), and went on to write for series such as Doomwatch (1971-72), The Regiment (1973), Warlords of Atlantis (1978), The Moon Stallion (1978) and Arabian Adventure (1979). Brian also wrote scripts for BBC radio soap The Archers, and wrote a novel based on the series in 1975. He penned numerous children's stage plays, including The Curse of the Labyrinth, The Doomsday Buttons and The Hour of the Werewolf.
In a rare interview, Brian said: "I wanted to keep the Toymaker very vague, I didn’t want to explain exactly who he was. At the time, I had grand visions of his becoming like the Daleks, coming back again and again, and then of course something very like that happened a few years later with the Master."

Julia Smith (director) May 26 1927 to Jun 19 1997 (cancer)
Doctor Who credits
Directed: The Smugglers (1966), The Underwater Menace (1967)
Career highlights
Julia's directing career began with soap Compact in 1962, after which she worked on Suspense (1962), Swizzlewick (1964), The Newcomers (1965), The Railway Children (1968), Dr Finlay's Casebook (1963-69), Z Cars (1971-74), Angels (1976-76), Katy (1976), EastEnders (1985-88) and Civvy Street (1988). While becoming a respected director she also worked as producer on many of the same shows, as well as The District Nurse (1984-87) and Medics (1990). Along with Tony Holland, she also helped create the BBC soaps EastEnders in 1985 (which she also produced 1985-89) and Eldorado (1992-93). On top of all that, she also wrote, predominantly for EastEnders but also The District Nurse.

Innes Lloyd (producer) Dec 24 1925 to Aug 23 1991
Doctor Who credits
Produced: The Celestial Toymaker, The Gunfighters, The Savages, The War Machines, The Smugglers, The Tenth Planet, The Power of the Daleks, The Highlanders, The Underwater Menace, The Moonbase, The Macra Terror, The Faceless Ones, The Evil of the Daleks, The Abominable Snowmen, The Ice Warriors, The Enemy of the World (1966-68)
Career highlights
Doctor Who was his first production job after directing the Eurovision Song Contest for the BBC and the soap United! (1965). Innes went on to produce Waugh on Crime (1970), Dead of Night (1972), The Stone Tape (1972), BBC2 Playhouse (1976-81), The Insurance Man (1986), Talking Heads (1987), Bomber Harris (1989) and A Question of Attribution (1992).
Along with script editor Gerry Davis, Innes came up with the idea of regeneration. He approached esteemed actors Peter Jeffrey, Ron Moody, Michael Horden and Trevor Howard to replace William Hartnell, before Patrick Troughton accepted the role. Throughout the 1970s and 80s Innes built up a reputation as one of the BBC's most respected producers, and his professional relationship with playwright Alan Bennett was among his most celebrated work. In October 2006, London's Time Out magazine asked Bennett why he no longer wrote for TV: "I think the one decisive factor was that the guy who used to produce all the things for television, Innes Lloyd, died. Innes used to prod you into doing things, and if you had a notion of something, you could go to him and he'd set about making it possible before you'd written it. I was never aware how much wheeling and dealing had to be done. In that sense, he was an ideal producer: he never let you know that it might be quite difficult to get yourself on. But I've felt it since he went; the first thing they talk about is cost and all that stuff." Innes died within days of colleague Gerry Davis.

Gerry Davis (script editor) Feb 23 1930 to Aug 31 1991
Doctor Who credits
Wrote: The Celestial Toymaker (episode 1, 1966, uncredited), The Tenth Planet (1966), The Highlanders (1966-67), The Tomb of the Cybermen (1967), Revenge of the Cybermen (1975)
Script edited: The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve (episode 4), The Ark, The Celestial Toymaker, The Gunfighters, The Savages, The War Machines, The Smugglers, The Tenth Planet, The Power of the Daleks, The Highlanders, The Underwater Menace, The Moonbase, The Macra Terror, The Faceless Ones, The Evil of the Daleks (episodes 1-3) (1966-67)
Career highlights
Gerry started out writing for the soap Coronation Street (1960) and also penned for United! (1965), The First Lady (1968), Doomwatch (1970), The Bionic Woman (1976), Vega$ (1979), The Final Countdown (1980), Captain Power and the Soldiers of the Future (1987) and Deadly Nightmares (1989). He also script edited Doomwatch (1970-71) and Softly Softly: Task Force (1971-72).
In the 1970s, Gerry co-wrote three science-fiction novels with Dr Kit Pedler, and after moving to the USA in the 1970s teamed up with Dalek creator Terry Nation in an unsuccessful bid to buy the rights to make Doctor Who after the BBC ceased its production in 1989. He also taught screenwriting at the UCLA film school in the 1980s. Gerry died within days of colleague Innes Lloyd.

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