Friday, May 24, 2013

The Keys of Marinus

William Russell and Jacqueline Hill as
Ian and Barbara explore the
city of Morphoton
Six episodes (The Sea of Death, The Velvet Web, The Screaming Jungle, The Snows of Terror, Sentence of Death, The Keys of Marinus)
First broadcast Apr 11 to May 16 1964
Average audience for serial: 9.07m
CAST

William Hartnell (The Doctor) Jan 8 1908 to Apr 23 1975 (heart failure after a series of strokes) For a full career biography for William Hartnell, click here.

William Russell (Ian Chesterton) Born Nov 19 1924 For a full career biography for William Russell (aka Russell Enoch), click here.

Jacqueline Hill (Barbara Wright) Dec 17 1929 to Feb 18 1993 (bone cancer) For a full career biography for Jacqueline Hill, click here.

Carole Ann Ford (Susan) Born Jun 8 1940 For a full career biography for Carole Ann Ford, click here.

George Coulouris (Arbitan) Oct 1 1903 to Apr 25 1989 (heart attack following Parkinson's disease)
Career highlights
George was a well respected film actor by the time he appeared in Doctor Who, having started his career in 1933's The Late Christopher Bean, and then appearing in Citizen Kane (1941), Mr Skeffington (1944), Joan of Arc (1948), A Day to Remember (1953), Tarzan and the Lost Safari (1957), Hancock's Half Hour (1960), The Third Man (1962), Haunted (1967), Blood from the Mummy's Tomb (1971), Papillon (1973), The Doombolt Chase (1978), Jemima Shore Investigates (1983) and Mussolini: The Untold Story (1985). He also had a regular role as Harcourt Brown in the Pathfinders series (1960-61).
Facts
He was working on memoirs of his early life and career in Manchester when he died. George's son George (a renowned computer scientist) has set up a lovely tribute page to his father and his work here. George's daughter Mary Louise was a watercolour artist.

Martin Cort (Voord, Warrior, Aydan)
Doctor Who credits
Played: Voord in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Warrior in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Aydan in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Locke in The Seeds of Death (1969)
Career highlights
Martin also has credits on No Hiding Place (1963), Crossroads (1964), Judge Dee (1969), Dixon of Dock Green (1972) and Face Value (2010).
Facts
Martin went on to become a prestigious theatre director, and appeared in Patrick Lichfield's 2000 calendar.
In 2013 Toby Hadoke released his Who's Round interview with Martin, along with other members of the cast of The Keys of Marinus, here.

Peter Stenson (Voord, Second Judge)
Career highlights
Peter went on to enjoy roles in Adam Adamant Lives! (1967), Champion House (1968), Terry and June (1979), Buccaneer (1980), The Prodigal (2002), Lost Existence (2014) and Cold Caller (2015).
In 2013 Toby Hadoke released his Who's Round interview with Peter, along with other members of the cast of The Keys of Marinus, here.

Gordon Wales (Voord)
Career highlights
Also appeared in One for the Pot (1968).

Robin Phillips (Altos) Feb 28 1940 to Jul 25 2015
Career highlights
Robin was artistic director of Canada's Stratford Festival between 1975-80. His acting career began with Candidate for Murder (1962) and went on to include The Saint (1965), The Avengers (1966), The Forsyte Saga (1967), David Copperfield (1969) and Tales from the Crypt (1972). He also directed Helen Mirren in Miss Julie (1972) and Brent Carver in The Wars (1983), and later directed for the stage in Canada, on Broadway and in the West End.
Awards
2005: Officer of the order of Canada (OC) for services to drama
Facts
Robin was artistic head of Canada's Stratford Festival (1975-80), and provided acting advice to Maggie Smith and Peter Ustinov. Canadian actress Martha Burns was making a documentary about Robin and his career at the time of his death. When Robin was a child his parents worked as gardener and housemaid for Hollywood star Stewart Granger, and Robin recalled being carried around on the actor's shoulders as a boy. Health problems dogged Robin's latter years, including a quadruple heart bypass and diabetes.

Katharine Schofield (Sabetha) Mar 16 1939 to Aug 6 2002 (cancer)
Career highlights
Katherine (accurate spelling) began her career in No Hiding Place (1963), then went on to roles in Love Story (1965), The Saint (1966/67), Nana (1968), Nicholas and Alexandra (1971), The Naked Civil Servant (1975), Out (1978), The Deep Concern (1979), Potter (1983), Lifeforce (1985) and Tom's Midnight Garden (1989).

Heron Carvic (Voice of Morpho) Jan 21 1913 to Feb 9 1980
Career highlights
Heron had started acting uncredited in productions in the 1930s, but started to get bigger roles in A Tale of Two Cities (1957), The Golden Spur (1959), Police Surgeon (1960), The Avengers (1961) and Stranger in the City (1962). His voice work on Doctor Who was his last screen acting credit, but he did provide the voice for Gandalf in a BBC Radio adaptation of The Hobbit (1968).
Facts
Heron - whose real name was Geoffrey Rupert William Harris - was also a writer and penned the first five Miss Emily D Seeton mysteries (1968-75), a gentle parody of Agatha Christie's work. Heron was married to actress Phyllis Neilson-Terry, whose father Fred was co-writer of the music hall classic Any Old Iron, and whose aunt was silent film star Ellen Terry. Phyllis was also acting legend John Gielgud's cousin.

Edmund Warwick (Darrius) Jul 15 1907 to Dec 21 1989
Doctor Who credits
Played: Darrius in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Dr Who in The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1964, uncredited)
Played: Robot Dr Who in The Chase (1965)
Career highlights
Edmund appeared in Sherlock Holmes (1951), numerous times in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1957-60), as well as Z Cars (1963), R3 (1964) and with Joan Collins in The Stud (1978).
Facts
Apparently Edmund complained about not being cast as the First Doctor in The Five Doctors (1983), as the actor often doubled for William Hartnell when the star was on holiday or ill.

Francis de Wolff (Vasor) Jan 7 1913 to Apr 18 1984
Doctor Who credits
Played: Vasor in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Agamemnon in The Myth Makers (1965)
Career highlights
Francis's long career began in Flame in the Heather (1935) and took in roles in Fire Over England (1937), Under Capricorn (1949), Treasure Island (1950), Tom Brown's Schooldays (1951), the Spirit of Christmas Present in Alistair Sims' Scrooge (1951), Moby Dick (1956), Corridors of Blood (1958), The Two Faces of Dr Jekyll (1960), From Russia with Love (1963), Carry On Cleo (1964), The Woman in White (1966), Paul Temple (1971), the villainous Jedikiah in The Tomorrow People (1973-75) and Jesus of Nazareth (1977).
Facts
Francis was married to Jean Fairlie, who worked in the wardrobe and costume department on productions such as Alfie (1966), UFO (1970-73), Supergirl (1984) and Brazil (1985). In 1970 Francis appeared in a TV commercial for Birds Eye chicken pie, alongside fellow Doctor Who alumni June Whitfield.

Michael Allaby (Ice Soldier, Larn) Born Sep 18 1933
Career highlights
The Keys of Marinus is Michael's only TV credit, but he went on to be a major specialist author on climate change, the eco-system and the weather, penning many books on the subject. Before becoming an actor, he was a police cadet and an RAF pilot.
In 2013 Toby Hadoke released his Who's Round interview with Michael, along with other members of the cast of The Keys of Marinus, here.

Alan James (Ice Soldier, First Judge, Guard)
Career highlights
Other credits include Redcap (1965) and Howard's End (1992).

Anthony Verner (Ice Soldier) Born 1938
Career highlights
Anthony also had roles in Tread Softly (1952), No Hiding Place (1963), The Newcomers (1965-69), The Liver Birds (1972), Sez Les (1972), Who Do You Do (1973/76), At the Earth's Core (1976), See How They Run (1984), The Shouting Men (2010) and Run for Your Wife (2012). He directed Dutch film Den Haag Vandaag: Ofwel Een Avond Lang Lachen (1989).
Facts
Andrew's daughter is also an actor, Katie Verner. To read an in-depth interview with Andrew about his career, click here (he doesn't mention Doctor Who).

Henley Thomas (Tarron)
Career highlights
Henley's other credits include A Quiet Man (1959), How Green Was My Valley (1960), No Hiding Place (1962), Emergency Ward 10 (1961/66) and Love Story (1967).

Raf De La Torre (Senior Judge) Feb 14 1905 to Jul 15 1975
Career highlights
French-born Raf's career began in the early 1950s with Operation Diplomat (1952) and included roles in Epitaph for a Spy (1953), The Trollenberg Terror (1957), Ghost Squad (1963), The Troubleshooters (1969/70), Elizabeth R (1971), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971) and S*P*Y*S (1974). He also had the regular role of Mr Quelch in the 1955 series Billy Bunter of Greyfriars School. He also read the news on the radio in Cairo on occasions.

Fiona Walker (Kala) Born May 24 1944
Doctor Who credits
Played: Kala in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Lady Peinforte in Silver Nemesis (1988)
Career highlights
Fiona debuted in Doctor Who, then appeared in Far from the Madding Crowd (1967), Jude the Obscure (1971), The Asphyx (1973), I, Claudius (1976), The Norman Conquests (1978), Bleak House (1985), The Woman in Black (1989), Wish Me Luck (1990), Poirot (1993), Eldorado (1993) and The Chief (1994).
Facts
In 1988, the year Fiona appeared in Silver Nemesis, she married the TV director Herbert Wise (he directed her in I, Claudius in 1976). Their daughter is actress Susannah Wise. Fiona appeared in Doctor Who's first and 25th anniversary seasons.

Donald Pickering (Eyesen) Nov 15 1933 to Dec 19 2009
Doctor Who credits
Played: Eyesen in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Captain Blade in The Faceless Ones (1967)
Played: Beyus in Time and the Rani (1987)
Career highlights
Donald's prolific career began with an appearance in Woman in a Dressing Gown (1956), after which he took roles in Sykes in a ... (1964), Gideon's Way (1965), A Challenge for Robin Hood (1967), Barlow At Large (1971), The Pallisers (1974), Wings (1977-78), Zulu Dawn (1979), Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson (1980, as Watson to Geoffrey Whitehead's Holmes), The Professionals (1982), Yes, Prime Minister (1986), Executive Stress (1986-87), The Camomile Lawn (1992), Lovejoy (1994), The Brittas Empire (1997), Heartbeat (2001) and Holby City (2004).
Facts
Donald once said in an interview that he did not recall ever working on The Keys of Marinus!

Stephen Dartnell (Yartek) 1931 to 1994
Doctor Who credits
Played: Yartek in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: John in The Sensorites (1964)
Career highlights
His other TV credits include Othello (1955), Oscar Wilde (1960), A Tale of Two Cities (1965) and A Man Like That (1966). He directed a number of stage plays in Glasgow in the 1970s.
Facts
In The Front Legs of a Cow, the 2011 biography of Steptoe and Son star Harry H Corbett written by his daughter Susannah, Harry Greene (later to become a TV DIY expert, and father to Attack of the Cybermen actress Sarah Greene) tells the story of an incident in the early 1950s when Stephen (who was gay) was the target of homophobic abuse and had paint thrown over him by a youth. That youth then went home and told his father that Stephen had propositioned him, so his father went to the police. When it came to court, the judge through it out for being indefensible and the youth and his father were fined for wasting police time and perjury. However, Stephen was kicked out of Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop, as was Harry Greene for sticking up for him. Throughout this affair, Stephen was also supported by Harry H Corbett.

Dougie Dean (Eprin)
Doctor Who credits
Played: Eprin in The Keys of Marinus (1964)
Played: Saxon warrior in The Time Meddler (1965, uncredited)
He had no other acting credits.

Uncredited cast

John Beorbohn (Arbitan's double) - John played Arbitan in the scenes where he wanders through the complex with his cowl up (basically, any scene not requiring George Coulouris's face!). He also played an uncredited Parisian man in The Massacre of St Bartholomew's Eve (1966).

Faith Hines, Daphne Thomas, Veronica Thornton, Sharon Young, Lynda Taylor (Ladies in waiting) - Sharon Young also played an uncredited Thal in the 1965 film Dr Who and the Daleks.

Bob Haddow (Idol) - Bob played the arms of the statue which grab Barbara in episode 3. He'd earlier played a Caveman in 100,000 BC (1963).

Veronica Thornton, Valerie Stanton, David Kramer, Adrian Drotske, Leslie Shannon, Patricia Anne, Billy Dean (1921-2000), Tony Lambden, Brian Bates, Monica Lewis, Heidi Laine, Rosina Stewart, Cecilia Johnson, Jill Howard, Yvonne Howard, Tony Hennessey, Johnny Crawford, Leslie Wilkinson, Desmond Cullum-Jones (1924-2002), Perin Lewis (Extras in Millennius) - Billy Dean (aka William Dean, but most widely as Bill Dean) went on to play grumpy Harry Cross in the Channel 4 soap Brookside. He also played an uncredited Peladon guard in The Curse of Peladon (1972). Desmond Cullum-Jones was also credited as a Worker in The War Machines (1966).

CREW

Terry Nation (writer) Aug 6 1930 to Mar 9 1997 (emphysema)
Doctor Who credits
Wrote: The Daleks (1963-64), The Keys of Marinus (1964), The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1964), The Chase (1965), Mission to the Unknown (1965), The Daleks' Master Plan (1965-66), Planet of the Daleks (1973), Death to the Daleks (1974), Genesis of the Daleks (1975), The Android Invasion (1975), Destiny of the Daleks (1979)
Career highlights
Terry's writing career began in the 1950s writing radio scripts for comedians such as Spike Milligan, Frankie Howerd, Eric Sykes and Terry Scott, before working with legendary comic actor Tony Hancock in 1962. Terry turned down an initial offer to write for Doctor Who, but when he was sacked by Hancock he approached the production team and came up with the serial The Daleks. He also created the cult shows Survivors (1975-77 - in a British High Court of Justice case in the mid-1970s, which was abandoned by both sides due to escalating costs, writer Brian Clemens claimed he had told Nation the concept for Survivors in the late 1960s and had registered the idea with the Writers' Guild of Great Britain in 1965. Nation strenuously denied this) and Blake's 7 (1978-81), worked for a time on Out of This World (1962), The Baron (1966-67), The Saint (1964-68), Department S (1969), The Avengers (1968-69), The Persuaders! (1971-72), The House in Nightmare Park (1973), The Protectors (1973-74), Thriller (1974) and Ticket to Ride (1989), and toward the end of his career in the US helped create the action series MacGyver (1985).
Awards
1975: Writers' Guild of Great Britain Award for Best Children's Drama Script (Season 11, shared with Robert Holmes, Malcolm Hulke, Brian Hayles and Robert Sloman)

John Gorrie (director) Born Aug 11 1932
Doctor Who credits
Directed: The Keys of Marinus (1964) and The Reign of Terror (episode 3, 1964)
Career highlights
John's long directing career began in 1962 on Compact, then Thorndyke (1964), Out of the Unknown (1965-66), Angels (1975), Within These Walls (1975-78), Rumpole of the Bailey (1975-92), Tales of the Unexpected (1980-88), Shroud for a Nightingale (1984), Perfect Scoundrels (1991-92), The Famous Five (1995-97), Animal Ark (1997-98) and The Coral Island (2000). John has also written for series such as Edward the Seventh (1975), Lillie (1978) and Marjorie and Men (1985), and even had a crack at acting, appearing in Sat'day While Sunday (1967).
Awards
1976: BAFTA TV Award for Best Drama Series/ Serial (Edward the Seventh)
In 2013 Toby Hadoke released his Who's Round interview with John, along with members of the cast of The Keys of Marinus, here.

Verity Lambert (producer) Nov 27 1935 to Nov 22 2007 (cancer)
Doctor Who credits
Produced: An Unearthly Child, The Daleks, The Edge of Destruction, Marco Polo, The Keys of Marinus, The Aztecs, The Sensorites, The Reign of Terror, Planet of Giants, The Dalek Invasion of Earth, The Rescue, The Romans, The Web Planet, The Crusade, The Space Museum, The Chase, The Time Meddler, Galaxy 4, Mission to the Unknown (1963-65)
Career highlights
Doctor Who was Verity's first producing job on TV, quite an achievement for a woman of 28, and during her first months was accompanied by the more experienced Mervyn Pinfield as associate producer. Verity left the series to produce The Newcomers (1965), Adam Adamant Lives! (1966-67), Detective (1968), various Somerset Maugham adaptations (1969-70), Budgie (1971-72), Between the Wars (1973), Shoulder to Shoulder (1974), The Naked Civil Servant (1975), Rock Follies (1976), Couples (1975-76), The Norman Conquests (1977), Quatermass (1979), Fox (1980), Widows (1983), Reilly: Ace of Spies (1983), Minder (1979-84), Dreamchild (1985), Clockwise (1986), A Cry in the Dark (1988), Evil Angels (1988), GBH (1991), Eldorado (1992-93), So Haunt Me (1992-94), May to December (1989-94), She's Out (1995), Class Act (1995), Jonathan Creek (1998-2004), The Cazalets (2001) and Love Soup (2005-08).
Awards
1970: BAFTA TV Award for Best Drama Series (W. Somerset Maugham)
1989: Australian Film Institute Award for Best Film (Evil Angels)
1997: British Film Institute Fellowship
2002: Officer of the order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to film and television
Facts
Verity was married to director Colin Bucksey between 1973-87.

Mervyn Pinfield (associate producer) Feb 28 1912 to May 20 1966
Doctor Who credits
Associate producer: An Unearthly Child, The Daleks, The Edge of Destruction, Marco Polo, The Keys of Marinus, The Aztecs, The Sensorites, The Reign of Terror, Planet of Giants, The Dalek Invasion of Earth, The Rescue, The Romans (1963-65)
Directed: The Sensorites (episodes 1-4, 1964), Planet of Giants (episodes 1-3, 1964), The Space Museum (1965)
Career highlights
Mervyn was a BBC stalwart, joining the Corporation in the 1950s to produce live drama at Alexandra Palace. He was coupled with Verity Lambert to watch over the cub producer in her early days. His previous credits included directing Saturday Playhouse (1960), Compact (1962) and The Monsters (1962).
Facts
He was the inventor of a very early version of the Teleprompter or Autocue called the Piniprompter. He died almost exactly a year after his final work on Doctor Who.

David Whitaker (story editor) Apr 18 1928 to Feb 4 1980 (cancer)
Doctor Who credits
Story edited: An Unearthly Child, The Daleks, The Edge of Destruction, Marco Polo, The Keys of Marinus, The Aztecs, The Sensorites, The Reign of Terror, Planet of Giants, The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1963-64)
Wrote: The Edge of Destruction (1964), The Rescue (1965), The Crusade (1965), The Power of the Daleks (1966), The Evil of the Daleks (1967), The Enemy of the World (1967-68), The Wheel in Space (1968), The Ambassadors of Death (episodes 1-3, 1970)
Career highlights
David was a writer at heart, having begun writing the continuity script on A Christmas Night with the Stars in 1958, followed by Compact (1962), Undermind (1965), Mr Rose (1968), Paul Temple (1970) and Elephant Boy (1973).
Facts
He also wrote the Dalek comic strips in TV Century 21 magazine and the 1965 stage play The Curse of the Daleks. David was the first person to write a novelisation of a Doctor Who story, namely Doctor Who in An Exciting Adventure with the Daleks in 1964. He also novelised The Crusade, but died before completing a novelisation of The Enemy of the World (it was finished by Ian Marter).

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